Publicerad: 2022-01-27 16:11 | Uppdaterad: 2022-01-31 16:28

Martina Gustavsson, doktorand vid Kunskapscentrum för Global Katastrofmedicin, om hur arbetet i Haiti gynnar hennes doktorand-arbete

Hus som har rasat i jordbävning
Jordbävning, Haiti. Foto: Getty Images.

Martina Gustavsson är en sjuksköterska med erfarenhet av att arbeta i katastrofdrabbade områden runt om i världen. Förra året tillbringade hon en och en halv månad i Haiti, en erfarenhet som hon delade med sig av före jul i sitt föredrag vid ett forskargruppsmöte som hålls varje månad i Health systems and Policy-gruppen. Martina doktorerar också just nu och hon tycker att det är mycket fördelaktigt att kombinera det teoretiska arbetet med fältarbete.

Martina Gustavsson, forskningshandläggare vid institutionen för global folkhälsa
Martina Gustavsson. Foto: privat.

Vad innebar ditt arbete i Haiti?

"I was seconded by MSF Sweden (Médecins Sans Frontières) following the earthquake in Haiti 14 August 2021. When I left, I did not know if I would be working in the earthquake-stricken area or in the capital Port au Prince, where MSF had started an emergency project for internally displaced people.

In the end I was sent to Port au Prince because they had a lack of medical staff there. I worked as a nurse, medically responsible for Mobile Clinics, which gave medical support to internal refugees who had gathered in informal refugee camps following the outbreak of political violence and increased gang violence that struck Haiti in the summer of 2021", säger Martina Gustavsson.

Vanligtvis jobbar du här på GPH och doktorerar. Vad handlar din doktorsavhandling om?

"My doctoral thesis concerns the ethical challenges that health care workers face when working in disasters, and the moral stress and distress that it places on them".

­Hur hänger fältarbetet, som det du gjorde i Haiti, ihop med ditt doktorand-arbete?

"Working in Haiti was not the first time I have combined field work in disasters with doing my PhD. In September 2020 I worked with a WHO Emergency Medical Team in Ethiopia at a hospital for COVID-19 in Addis Ababa, and just before I began my PhD I worked with MSF in DR Congo twice.

It means a lot to me to combine my theoretical work here at KI with practical work in disaster areas. It gives me a totally different, and very practical, understanding of the subject-matter I research. Moreover, the fact that I have practical experience also makes it easier for me when I teach. And this is true not just for me, but for our whole research group".

Vad skulle du säga till någon som har möjligheten att kombinera sin PhD med den här typen av fältarbete?

"Of course it depends on how you can adapt your PhD plan, when you take your courses and so on, but if you get the opportunity to go, you should. It helps you to see your PhD from new angles, and you get a greater overview of your subject".

Vad händer härnäst i ditt arbete?

"I am continuing to work on my PhD. I had my half-time seminar 26 January 2022 and I am going to start working on my last two studies, as well as taking a few courses this semester. In terms of more field work in disaster areas, well, we will have to see what happens and how I am able to combine it with my PhD".


Martina Gustavsson Doktorand